Important Definitions

Negative ion / anion / negatively charged particle:

An anion or negative ion is an atom or a group of atoms (molecule) which, having gained one or several electron(s), carries one or several negative electrical charge(s). Due to the strong polarity of its molecule, water (H2O) is an excellent ion carrier. As fine electrically charged particles, negative ions energize and soothe us, while positive ions stress and exhaust us. Negative ions are in the air and mainly penetrate the body through the lungs but also through the skin and reflex points (acupuncture). These negatively charged particles feed the fundamental circuit diagram of the physical and etheric bodies as well as contribute greatly to our metabolic vitality.


The metabolism is the group of chemical reactions taking place within a living being, enabling it to, in particular, stay alive, reproduce, develop and respond to environmental stimuli. A few of these chemical reactions take place outside the organism’s cells, but most of these reactions occur in the cells themselves. In other words, metabolism is a set of complex processes and constant transformation of matter and energy through the cell or the organism, during the construction and organic degradation phenomena (anabolism and catabolism).

Free radical / oxidative stress:

Biologically, the term “free radical” is used to refer to the derivatives of reactive oxygen, or “oxygen free radicals,” a specific class of radicals. These substances can form peroxides in the unsaturated fats that make up the membrane structures and can then kill the cells. The replacement of prematurely dead cells forces the organism to activate its stem cells, which increases the risk of carcinogenesis and contributes to the organism’s accelerated aging. Oxidative stress becomes a pathological situation when the protection system is overwhelmed by free radicals. A free radical can be viewed like an invader attacking the cells of your body. More technically, a free radical is an unstable molecule which has become highly unbalanced by losing one of its electrons. It seeks to restore its balance by stealing an electron (electrical charge) essential to another molecule. One free radical can destroy an enzyme, a protein molecule, a DNA base, an entire cell or even trigger a devastating chain reaction.


pH / potential of hydrogen:

The hydrogen potential (or pH) is a measure of the chemical activity of hydrogen ions (H+). More commonly, the pH measures the acidity or the basicity of a solution. Therefore, in an aqueous environment at 25°C, a pH solution = 7 is called neutral. A pH solution lower than 7 is called acidic and the more the pH moves away from 7 (decreases), the more it is acidic. A pH solution above 7 is called basic and the more the pH moves away from 7 (increases), the more it is basic or alkaline. The normal pH of the body should be between 7.0 and 7.5 so that all its systems can function correctly. However, it is common to find highly acidic pH levels in the general population.


Toxic acidosis / systemic acidity / acid-base imbalance:

Acidosis is an acid-base balance disorder designating a pathological state due to an increase in acidity whose pH becomes lower than normal, i.e., less than 7.35. This state is equivalent to a high concentration of hydrogen ions (H+). The rate of cellular activity of the metabolism affects the body fluids pH, but is affected at the same time by it.

A few naturopaths speak of toxic acidosis or systemic acidity. This very common acid-base imbalance comes from an acidity overload in the body that the organism is unable to eliminate. Normally, our body is capable of maintaining the acid-base balance by using buffer systems that enable the elimination of the acidity excess in the body. Our body uses the kidneys and lungs in order to eliminate acids. The kidneys are used to eliminate fixed acids from the metabolism whereas the lungs take care of volatile acids. In the case where this is insufficient, there is an additional way to go enabling the elimination of acids excess: the skin. Thanks to the sweat glands, the surplus acid can be eliminated or evacuated.

If the above mechanisms have not eliminated the excess acidity, then the body will:

  • Use the skin as a way out (eczema, pimples, etc.);
  • Sacrifice minerals from the nails, teeth and hair;
  • Sacrifice minerals from the bones and joints;
  • Sacrifice the nervous system via demineralization;

It is therefore important to eat well, hydrate sufficiently, oxygenate the cells, engage in physical exercise, breathe properly and to avoid deficiency in trace elements, vitamins, minerals and enzymes in order to help our body’s acid-base balance.

Lymphatic system / interstitial fluid (lymph):

At the blood capillary level, a crossing of plasma and white blood cells occurs. This crossing of the capillary walls by certain blood components forms the interstitial fluid (lymph). This one will directly bathe the cells that will tap a little of their nutrients and reject their waste there. The interstitial fluid then returns to the blood, through the lymphatic vessels connected to many lymph nodes, whose function is to filter and purify the lymph. It plays a very important role in the immune system; primarily thanks to the lymph nodes that retain the pathogenic elements the lymph was capable of absorbing along its way to destroy them.

Unlike the bloodstream, the lymphatic system does not consist of a single organ playing a pump role (heart). Circulation results from the combination of body movements (particularly breathing), muscle contractions and smooth fibre contractions in the lymphatic vessel walls. If body movement or physical activity intensifies, the lymph will flow 10 to 30 times faster. In contrast, prolonged inactivity slows down lymph drainage.

The lymphatic system has many roles:

  • It drains the fluid excess found in the tissues and assists the detoxification of the organs and the body;
  • It contributes to the circulation of nutrients;
  • It enables circulation throughout the body and out of the blood vessels of white blood cells in the activation process of the specific immune response. This is an essential element of the immune system and scarring process;
  • It contributes to the circulation of hormones.


Detoxification / cleanse:

Detoxification is the process by which an organism inactivates toxic substances of internal or external origin. Physiologically speaking, the metabolism produces harmful substances which are made less toxic by reduction and oxidation (oxidation-reduction reactions). Cleansing is the removal or reduction of toxins in the organism.

Pathogenic parasites / harmful microorganisms:

A parasite is an organism living inside or on the surface of another organism at the expense of it, but often without killing it. Many microorganisms could meet this definition. It is considered pathogenic or harmful if it is likely to cause a disease. A microorganism can only be observed using a microscope.